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7th Grade SS - Holocaust Guided Inquiry: 1921-1933: Political Conditions

Time Period 1921-1933


This web page focuses on the political, social and economic conditions as Nazis rose to power under Hitler's leadership in Germany. This includes:

1921: Brown shirts (SA) formed

1926: Hitler Youth founded 

Oct. 1929: Wall Street Crash/Great Depression -  effect on Germany  

1933: Hitler Becomes Chancellor

1933: Goebbel's propaganda machine

Become familiar with the vocabulary in the Vocabulary box .



National Socialists Party (Nazis) - The National Socialist German Workers' Party, commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party was a political party in Germany active between 1920 and 1945

Conscriptionthe practice of ordering people by law to serve in the armed forces  (from

Propaganda - ideas or statements that are often false or exaggerated and that are spread in order to help a cause, a political leader, a government, etc. (from

Brownshirt - a member of the Nazi SA which wore brown uniforms.  (from

Reichstag the lower house of the parliament during the period of the Second Reich and the Weimar Republic. (from

Chancellor - the head of the German government who ran the parliament

von Hindenburg - Paul von Hindenburg was a military officer and second President of Germany from 1925-1934

von Papen - Franz von Papen was Chancellor of Germany in 1932 and Vice-Chancellor under Adolf Hitler from 1933–1934

von Schleicher - Kurt von Schleicher was second Chancellor of Germany under the Weimar Republic from 1932-33

Goebbel - Joseph Goebbel was a right hand man for Hitler and was in charge of the propaganda program for the Nazi party.


 Informational Resources:


Nazi Rise to Power Timeline 

Actions Taken By Nazis

Summary of 8 factors that led to Hitler's rise to power

Social Conditions:

Hitler Youth            Hitler Youth - Hitler quote - only read the quote by Hitler about the Hitler Youth at top

Brown Shirts (Sturmabteilung or Storm Detachment, also called Stormtroopers or SA) first 5 paragraphs only

Control Using Propaganda 


Economic Conditions:

Circumstances in Germany - Depression Effects


Additional Material:

Nazi Attitudes Toward Jewish People

Nuremberg Rallies


Treatment of Women



1. The Rise of Hitler Part 2 (from

2. Hitler: The Rise To Power  (from

3. How Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933?  (from


4. The Brown Shirts  (from

5. Hitler Youth (from​)

6. Goebbel's Propaganda Machine  (from